Standard Harvard Formatting

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Harvard Referencing Formatting Style Guide

Harvard style is a well-known referencing style used for the purpose of citing sources and formatting papers written within the domain of social sciences.


The page numbers should be put in the right hand top corner.


General Guidelines
The paper should be written using 12 pt. Times New Roman font with 1.5 spacing on a standard sized paper (8.5”x 11”) with a margin of 1” on all four sides. The alignment of the entire writing should be made justified.

 

The page numbers should be put in the right hand top corner.


The paper consists of three main sections: Title Page, Main Body, Reference List.

 

Title Page

The first page must contain the title of the written paper written in bold using 12 pt. Times New Roman font with starting letter of each world in caps and middle aligned.

 

Main Body

[Heading 1] should be left aligned, bold using 12 pt. Times New Roman font. The first letter of each of the words must be in caps except for articles and conjunctions.


[Heading 2] should be left aligned, bold using 12 pt. Times New Roman font. The first letter of each of the words must be in caps except for articles and conjunctions.


[Heading 3] should be left aligned using 12 pt. Times New Roman font.


Reference List
A reference list in Harvard style gives a detailed list of all the sources used for citing any piece of work. The list comprises of various information of the citations like the name of the author, publication date of the source and title of the cited work. The referencing style varies depending on the type of source used like book, journal and electronic source like websites.


A Harvard referencing style must include the following:

  • It is included at the end of the work document and on a distinct sheet of paper.
  • It must be arranged alphabetically based on the surname of the authors whose work has been cited in the writing.
  • Multiple works of same author are arranged in a chronological order and for works whose publication date is of the same year must be arranged alphabetically on the basis of title.  The date must be followed by an alphabet like a, b, c, etc….
  • It must contain full references of all the works cited in the writing.
  • The formatting should be justified using 1.5 spacing and 12pt Times New Roman.
  • Reference List should be Heading 1 and un-bold.

Basics of Referencing
In-Text Citations:
The portions paraphrased or quoted from someone else’s work must be cited properly using in-text citations.

The in-text citations are written all throughout the main body of the text using proper citations against a piece of quotation or paraphrased portion. The in-text citations in Harvard referencing style consists of the surname of the author(s) or editors(s)’s followed by publication year.

Example of in-text referencing citation is of the form:


One Author:
For direct quotation: Wang, Courtright and Colbert (2015) states that….
For paraphrased portion: (Wang, Courtright and Colbert, 2015)


Two or Three Authors:
For direct quotation: Wang, Courtright and Colbert (2015) states that….
For paraphrased portion: (Wang, Courtright and Colbert, 2015)


Four or More Authors:
The surname of the first author must be followed by et al.:
For direct quotation: Wang et al. (2015) states that….
For paraphrased portion: (Wang et al., 2015)


Reference List Format:
Book:
Surname of author(s), initial(s), Year. Title. Place of publication: Name of publisher.
Hill, C.W., Jones, G.R. and Schilling, M.A., 2014. Strategic management: theory: an integrated approach. Boston: Cengage Learning.

 

Edited Book:
Surname of author(s), initial(s), eds., Year. Title. Place of publication: Name of publisher.

Smith, J.A. eds., 2015. Qualitative psychology: A practical guide to research methods. California: Sage.


Journal:
Surname of author(s), initial(s), Year. Title of Journal. Name of Journal, Issue (Volume), pp. From-To.


García-Morales, V.J., Jiménez-Barrionuevo, M.M. and Gutiérrez-Gutiérrez, L., 2012. Transformational leadership influence on organizational performance through organizational learning and innovation. Journal of business research, 65(7), pp.1040-1050.


Online Article:
Surname of author(s), initial(s), Year. Title of article. [online] Name of web page. Available at: <url> [Accessed Date Month Year].


Marr, B., 2017. 5 Massive 'Big Data' Myths Most People Believe - But Shouldn't. [online] Forbes. Available at: < https://www.forbes.com/sites/bernardmarr/2017/09/26/5-massive-big-data-myths-most-people-believe-but-shouldnt/#115b4ab52414> [Accessed 26 September 2017].


Online PDF:
Surname of author(s), initial(s), Year. Title of article. [pdf] Available at: <url> [Accessed Date Month Year].
Tesco PLC, 2016. Annual Report and Financial Statements 2016. [pdf] Available at: <https://www.tescoplc.com/media/264194/annual-report-2016.pdf> [Accessed 26 September 2017].

 

** Online articles having no author must be cited using the name of the web page.

 


You can check out the other standard referencing formats below:

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